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TWE- Trial Work Experience

Status: Archived

Approved Date: July 08, 2020

Trial Work Experience Used for Eligibility and/or Priority Group Assignment

1. After initial meeting, disability verification documentation is received (school records, medical, psychological, work history, summary of observations, and BPQY, etc.), if ability to benefit from competitive integrated employment or priority group status remains unclear, team discussion must occur outlining the next steps towards this determination.

2. For the best possible community match and most appropriate supports to be arranged, VR Specialist will schedule with applicant an interest and daily living activity unless related information is readily available and current (within the last two years). After conversation with the individual and available documents have been reviewed, including school and medical records, work history, and summary of observations, proceed with the following:

  • Administer Reading-Free or PICS interest assessment;
  • Administer Basic Skills Assessment or select sections of the Street Skills Survival Questionnaire (SSSQ) for examination of daily living abilities;
  • If individual is not able to complete any recommended activities, summarize available information learned from the attempts; and
  • Review results with support team (when possible) to expedite planning for an unpaid trial work experience.
  • Consider rapid engagement activities to provide an easier transition for individuals into the community. Examples include job shadows, business tours, informational interviews, and mock interviews.

3. All efforts will be made to match the applicant’s vocational themes, availability within the community of residence, abilities, and capacity to perform in a realistic work setting to the TWE.

4. Business Account Manager or VR Specialist will locate an employer willing and able to provide a trial work experience and who has the capacity to accommodate all necessary supports, including initial job or task analysis, to allow full participation.

5. Negotiate essential details of the TWE (start and end dates, evaluation schedule, knowledge, skills, abilities and/or behaviors to be assessed, goals of TWE, and the agreed upon level of follow-up). Very regular contact with employer and job coach is expected of the VR Specialist. At minimum, first day contact and weekly contact thereafter is required.

6. Complete all required forms and obtain signatures from applicant, authorized representative, and VR representative. Provide copies to appropriate individuals as specifically indicated on each document.

7. Enter the Assessment Service, Trial Work Experience, into QE2.

8. Enter a task note into QE2 at the start of a Trial Work Experience, articulating a clear purpose and expected outcome. Refer to Trial Work Experience Agreement.

a) Define general on and off-site objectives for the applicant specific to:

  • Task- isolated tasks and duties which make up the position being evaluated as a whole.
  • Skill- ability to use one’s knowledge to do a job well. i.e. interpersonal communication, teamwork, problem-solving, customer service, etc. and career cluster skills i.e. mechanical, technical, custodial, medical, educational, etc.
  • Job Planning and Readiness Factors- i.e. planning and preparation for work, daily living needs, attitude, behavior, other disability-related concerns, etc.

b) Career counseling, self-advocacy, self-determination, and peer mentoring will be made available on the worksite when possible or through information and referral.

c)  Indicate that the rationale and objectives have been discussed with the applicant, authorized representative, job coach, and employer.

9. At minimum, VR Specialist will have contact the first day and weekly thereafter to review progress with applicant, job coach, and employer; however, more frequent contact is encouraged. If in-person monitoring is not feasible, phone, e-mail, or virtual contact is documented. VR Specialist will consult with employer and job coach in order to complete On-the-Job Report bi-weekly. Provide copies to applicant, authorized representative, DD service coordinator, and I/DD service provider, as applicable.

10. Process Completion or Termination of TWE.

  • Confirm completion or termination of TWE with applicant, site supervisor, authorized representative, and all members of the team.
  • Enter a task note into QE2 at the conclusion of the Trial Work Experience, generalizing final comments from employer and reference Vocational Evaluation report for next steps.

11. VR Specialist will utilize On-the-Job Report(s) to complete the TWE, OJE, or WBLE Observation section of Vocational Evaluation Report:

a) Evidence how well the objectives were met

b) Discuss job planning and readiness issues identified

c) Identify ‘Next Step’ action(s) if possible

Outline clear and convincing evidence why the applicant can or cannot benefit from Nebraska VR services, or additional information determining priority group status, as evidenced by a description of current and previously collected assessment documentation, including but not limited to TWE(s), On-the-Job Report(s), task analysis summary, objectives of TWE, employer feedback, behavior and attitude of applicant, etc. Acknowledge career counseling, self-advocacy, self-determination, and peer mentoring, if provided. 

*Upload copies of On-the-Job Report(s) to Vocational Evaluation report.

Able to benefit from Nebraska VR Services

  • Complete eligibility
  • Determine priority status
  • Individual agrees to be placed on VR wait list during Order of Selection
  • Once removed from VR wait list, convene team staffing to begin career planning services
  • Refer client for Benefits Services, as necessary

Unable to benefit from Nebraska VR Services

  • Schedule full consultation with applicant, authorized representative, and other members of support team to openly discuss challenges of the TWE as referenced by On-the-Job Report(s), Evaluation Report, and previously gathered documentation. Clearly explain the resulting Ineligibility decision.
  • VR Specialist completes Documentation Checklist for Youth (Age 24 and Younger) or Documentation Checklist for Adults (Age 25 and older) form and collects applicant signature. Provide copy to all team members referenced at bottom of form.
  • Reference the Ineligible/No Longer Eligible chapter and develop Employment Not Expected from Services letter, including reasons in documentation and send to applicant and family/authorized representative. VR Specialist will provide a copy to DD service coordinator and I/DD service provider.
  • Ineligibility is completed and VR case is de-activated. Select appropriate Ineligibility exit status in QE2.
  • Place reminder on calendar to review case within 12 months, and annually thereafter, IF requested by individual or authorized representative. 

After application to Nebraska VR, Trial Work Experiences (TWE) may be used to determine eligibility and/or priority group status for individuals with significant disabilities if observation and review of available records is not sufficient.

An individual with a disability may be determined as either unable to benefit from vocational rehabilitation services in terms of an employment outcome because of the severity of the individual’s disability, or eligible for vocational rehabilitation services. Prior to making either of these determinations, exploration of the individual’s abilities, capabilities, and capacity to perform in realistic work situations must be explored.

Trial Work Experiences must be provided in competitive integrated employment settings to the maximum extent possible (unless health and/or safety measures preclude participation in a TWE), consistent with the informed choice and rehabilitation needs of the individual. Appropriate supports necessary to accommodate the rehabilitation needs of the individual during the trial work experience must be provided.


Appropriate Supports

Appropriate supports must be individualized and may include, but are not limited to:

  • job coach
  • interpreter
  • personal assistance needs
  • assistive technology devices and services


Background Screening Required by the Employer

In TWE situations where the employer requires a background screen, VR may conduct the background screen for the employer. VR must inform employers that our background screens are limited in scope and may not include all charges. In situations where employers wish to complete their own screen, VR can reimburse for the cost of the screen.


Length and Duration of TWE

During this time, all eligibility and eligibility extension requirements still apply. If a TWE is required and cannot be completed within the 60 day timeframe, an eligibility extension would be required.

Trial Work Experiences must be of sufficient variety and over a sufficient period of time. Additional sites may be considered in order to identify clear and convincing evidence that an individual can or cannot benefit from the provision of vocational rehabilitation services in terms of an employment outcome.

New forms must be completed for each additional site and a separate Assessment Service, Trial Work Experience, must be added in QE2.


Supervision and Injury/Accident Reporting

The VR agency is responsible for the general supervision of the applicant at the TWE site. 

Liability coverage for this arrangement is covered by the State of Nebraska's blanket accident policy. Call 1-800-346-7692 and hit #1 for Claims. Policy Holder: State of Nebraska Policy Number: SRG 0009141321-B.

 Follow-up by completing and submitting the attached Client Incident/Accident/Injury Report form.


Termination of TWE

A TWE may be terminated at any point at discretion of VR Specialist, employer, applicant, or authorized representative. 



All Trial Work Experiences are unpaid. 

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